Will Retirees Use their $10 Trillion in Home Equity for Income? A Back Up Plan? As Inheritance?
If you own a home, it was likely one of the smartest lifelong financial moves you have ever made. In addition to providing a safe haven for living your life, it is also a forced savings account and a hard asset that appreciates over time.
Your home has given you tax advantages, access to services in your community (particularly important if you had kids and sent them to public school), and perhaps it has been a place to work during the pandemic. And, your mortgage was a strategic financial decision that gave you leverage and flexibility.
Home Equity is at Record Highs
Homeowners 62 and older have experienced blockbuster growth in home equity – now estimated at $10 trillion.
Should You Now Use Your Home Equity for Retirement?
The huge financial advantages your home can give continue into retirement – particularly if you have built up significant equity.
That money can now be converted into retirement income, cash for retirement expenses, financial leverage to improve your financial options, or funding for longevity, a long-term care need or other hard to predict event. And, with interest rates still relatively low and home values at record highs, now may be the time to take action.
Explore the 5 ways you might want to use your home equity for retirement. And, try them out on your own financial plan by running different scenarios using the NewRetirement Planner.
1. Turn Your Home Equity into Retirement Income
There are a wide variety of ways to use your home equity for regular retirement income.
Use the Physical Space:
It has become somewhat common for people to rent out all or part of their home as a source of income.
- Could you rent out a room in your home to a long-term tenant?
- Have you considered housesharing? Remember the Golden Girls?
- What about just renting your home when you go on vacation? VRBO and Airbnb are really easy ways to turn your home into income.
Consider Monthly Income from a Reverse Mortgage:
A reverse mortgage is a specific type of home equity loan that is not paid back until you permanently leave your home. One of the options on a reverse mortgage is receiving your loan amount as lifetime payments. Your home equity is turned into lifetime income.
- Are you aware that even now, 1 out of every 4 low income seniors can not afford to buy their prescriptions? Increasing income with a reverse mortgage can improve quality of life.
Downsize and Turn Proceeds into Income:
Downsizing is usually the most efficient way to cash out your equity. If you want to turn that money into retirement income, a lifetime annuity is one option but you can also consider other income producing assets such as rental property, bond ladders, dividend producing investments and more.
2. Convert the Equity into Cash
Not everyone has saved quite enough for a secure retirement. However, your home equity is a real asset. You can convert the equity into money for retirement expenses.
Downsize and Use Your Equity:
When you downsize and release your home equity you gain a liquid asset that you can invest or spend as desired and appropriate. You have many options for downsizing.
- Sell and move to a less expensive home or to a retirement community
- Sell and rent a place to live
- Try the tiny house trend
- Retire abroad
Get a Home Equity Loan:
A home equity loan is a common way to access the money you have built up in your home. However, it can sometimes be difficult to qualify for this loan in retirement due to income requirements and your need to make monthly payments against the loan.
With interest rates still low, now might be a good time to lock in a loan.
Get Cash from a Reverse Mortgage:
If you can’t qualify for a home equity loan, but want to stay in your house and need access to cash, a reverse mortgage might be an option. There are no income requirements for a reverse mortgage, must be at least 62 and have sufficient equity. Best of all, there are no monthly mortgage payments on a reverse mortgage loan until you die or permanently leave your home (but you must keep up with property taxes and insurance).
3. Keep Your Home Equity to Use as a Back Up Plan / Fund Unexpected Events
Perhaps one of the best ways to use your home equity is to hold on to it and only use it if you need to. For example, maybe you:
- Use your home equity if you live longer than expected and need additional assets
- Tap into your equity to fund a long-term care need
The only problem with waiting to tap the equity when you really need it, is that it simply gets harder as you get older. Relocating is more difficult as you age. And, financial transactions are more problematic for older people with physical and cognitive decline.
Home Equity to Fund Longevity:
One of the most challenging aspects of retirement planning is predicting how long you will live. And, it can be stressful to think about outliving your assets. Your home equity could be a backup plan for funding retirement if you (luckily) live longer than your assets.
Home Equity to Fund a Long-Term Care Need:
Long-term care is tremendously expensive. And, you have no way of knowing if you will need it or not. So, reserving your home equity to fund this expense can be a smart strategy.
4. Use Home Equity to Increase Your Current and Future Options
Maybe you don’t exactly need cash now. However, releasing home equity could increase your financial options.
Having access to a home equity line of credit, cash proceeds from the sale of your home or a reverse mortgage line of credit gives you flexibility. Think of your home equity as another source of money to use strategically.
Here are a few ways to gain leverage and flexibility with your home equity:
Home Equity Loan Line of Credit:
A home equity line of credit can be an efficient way to have access to your equity. You only pay interest on the money you use, not all of the funds that are available to you.
A line of credit just gives you financial options. It is a pool of money you can access if needed.
- Let’s say college tuition is due this week. And, you had intended to sell stock to pay the bill. However, a big part of that account is in Facebook stock. Um…. With Facebook showing huge losses, now is not the time to sell. It might be a better idea to let the stock recover and consider paying the bill out of a different pool of money, like your home equity line of credit.
- Or, perhaps you do want to hold onto your home equity now and only use it for longevity or a long term care need in the future. Setting up the home equity line of credit now, gives you maximum flexibility and insures you can access the funds if you need them.
Reverse Mortgage Line of Credit:
If you can’t qualify for a home equity line of credit, you might consider a reverse mortgage line of credit. There are actually many advantages to this loan over more traditional options.
- When my grandmother suffered a stroke, she quickly ran through her assets. She was able to use a reverse mortgage line of credit to stay put and fund home care.
Sell the Home and Retain the Cash:
Of course, if you are ready to leave your home, downsizing and releasing the equity to cash is the most flexible option of all.
- June has worked as a nurse for 25 years, and like many in the profession, she is worn out and ready to retire this year at 62. However, she doesn’t want to start Social Security so early, even though the income would make retirement more realistically affordable. She is opting to tap her home equity by downsizing to an over 55 community. It’s a big plus that the complex has great amenities. The proceeds from the sale of her home will enable her to bridge the time period between stopping work and starting Social Security.
5. Preserving Home Equity for Your Heirs
For better or worse, many people want to retain their home equity to leave to their heirs. Every year billions of dollars are passed onto adult children via real estate. And, recent research has found that people who expressed a stronger desire to leave an inheritance of at least $10,000 were much less likely to sell their homes before they died – with the intention that the house would be part, if not all, of that inheritance.
This held true even if the value of the home was in excess of the desired inheritance.
Inspired by these Home Equity Options? Try Them Out!
The NewRetirement Retirement Planner makes it easy to try out any of these options for using home equity as part of your retirement plan.
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