Use IRS Free File to Save Money at Tax Time

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With tax season upon us, it seems like a good time to share a resource that can save you hundreds of dollars on tax preparation and filing fees.

It’s called IRS Free File, and it’s available to taxpayers whose adjusted gross income (AGI) is $79,000 a year or less.

I used IRS Free File for the first time last year and was very pleased with the results. Prior to that, I used Intuit’s TurboTax. Going forward, I plan to stick with IRS Free File.

If you pay a professional to prepare and file your income taxes, IRS Free File may not be for you. But make sure to check out the bonus tidbit about IRS Identity Protection PINs at the bottom of this post; a worthwhile read regardless of your filing strategy.

A Brief Rant

Did it ever occur to you how perverse it is to have to pay to file your income taxes? You either pay an individual to prepare and file your returns or, if you are a DIY filer like me, you pay for an online service like Intuit’s TurboTax.

Either way, you are in effect paying for the “privilege” of paying your income taxes.

In most other countries, income tax collection is a public service. The government provides a web portal where taxpayers can log in. If your annual income matches what the tax authority has on record, you check a box and you’re done.

The U.S. may be the only country in the world that foists such a byzantine tax collection system on its citizens. It is on this complexity that the business models of companies like Intuit thrive.

IRS Free File

Between 2010 and 2021, I paid Intuit a total of $1,155 (an average of $96 a year) to file my federal and state income tax returns using their TurboTax software.

Last year, however, having learned about IRS Free File, I decided to give it a try. IRS Free File is a public-private partnership (PPP) between the IRS and a group of private-sector tax preparation companies. These companies provide free online tax preparation and electronic filing services for eligible filers.

I had become accustomed to using TurboTax to prepare and file my returns, and was reluctant to switch to another product. I trusted TurboTax to handle my non-trivial tax situation accurately, as it had so many times in years past.

As a cost-conscious retiree, I decided to take the plunge. I was massively impressed with the IRS Free File partner I chose, FreeTaxUSA (after all, I reasoned, how good can a free service be?). FreeTaxUSA handled my complex tax situation with ease.

As advertised, I paid absolutely nothing to prepare and file my federal return online, and just $14.95 for my state return (the state return is optional). I plan to use FreeTaxUSA again this year to file my 2023 returns.

Is TurboTax a Scam?

Intuit is conspicuously absent from the list of IRS Free File partner companies. That’s because despite its proclamations to the contrary, Intuit has no interest in providing free services.

In 2022, a multi-state lawsuit accused the company of deceptive marketing practices. Specifically, the lawsuit claimed that Intuit intentionally lured customers by falsely advertising free services, but then charged them anyway.

Rather than risk a trial, Intuit agreed to pay $141 million to four-million customers who were charged for services that were falsely promoted as free.

None of this should be a surprise to users of TurboTax. I consider myself a fairly savvy technology user. Yet every time I used TurboTax to prepare my returns, it was like navigating a minefield of paid extras to get to what I wanted: a bare-minimum, completed tax return.

Even if I did manage to avoid the paid extras, I was still out nearly $100 to file a return.

Who Is Eligible for IRS Free File?

The eligibility requirements vary from company to company, and depend on factors such as your adjusted gross income (AGI), your age, the state you live in, and whether you choose to file a state return.

In general, if your AGI is $79,000 or less, you’ll find at least one partner company that fits the bill. Unfortunately, $79,000 is the maximum for all filing statuses: single, married filing jointly, married filing separately, head of household or qualified widow(er). If you exceed that threshold, you can’t use Free File.

Otherwise, consider taking advantage of this money-saving opportunity. Go to the IRS Free File site and click the big blue Explore Free Guided Tax Software button.

IRS Free File's Explore Free Guided Tax Software tool.
IRS Free File

Enter your filing status, age, AGI and a few other bits of information. The site will present a list of Free File partner companies you are eligible for. Set up an account with the company you choose, and you’re off to the races.

IRS Direct File

I should also mention that sometime around mid-March, the IRS plans to roll out its own free filing option for the 2023 tax year called IRS Direct File. In this pilot phase, the IRS is limiting access to taxpayers in just 12 states.

Initially, IRS Direct File be able to handle just simple returns. To be eligible, your income sources are limited to W-2, social security and/or unemployment; and any interest income you received must not exceed $1,500. Also, IRS Direct File currently lacks support for filing a state return.

I only mention IRS Direct File because this program will likely expand its reach in the coming years, and so too its ability to handle more complex tax situations.

Another cost-saving option to tuck away for future reference.

Bonus: IRS Identity Protection (IP) PIN

Regardless of how you choose to file–IRS Free File, tax professional or otherwise–there is a fraud-protection measure you should consider taking advantage of. It’s called an Identity Protection (IP) PIN.

If you read part 1 of my series on cybersecurity, you’ll recall that I suggested freezing your credit reports to reduce the value of your social security number to identity thieves. I added the caveat that, even with this step, your social security number can still be abused by a bad actor; namely, to file a fraudulent tax return claiming refunds or credits.

While unauthorized access to credit reports is the more prevalent problem, tax-related identity theft is on the rise. You likely won’t lose money in this scam, but you can bet it will be a hassle to get sorted out. An IRS Identity Protection PIN will protect you from it.

How It Works

Think of an IP PIN as a second factor of authentication in a multi-factor authentication (MFA) scheme. You include your IRS-supplied IP PIN (a six-digit number), along with your social security number and other requisite PII, to the IRS when you file your tax return.

If your IP PIN is missing from the return, the IRS will reject it. So too if the IP PIN you supply doesn’t match what the IRS has on record.

In this scheme, your IP PIN is an additional something-you-know. Even if an identity thief knows your social security number, without also knowing your IP PIN, he is powerless to file a fraudulent return using your identity. It is essential your IP PIN be kept secret.

The IRS goes a step further; it enforces a one-year expiration date on every IP PIN it issues. This means that each year you file a tax return, you’ll need to obtain a new IP PIN. But it’ll cost you all of 5 minutes to renew.

Final Thoughts

If you are an early retiree like me, you are constantly on the lookout for ways to save money. Somehow, IRS Free File escaped my notice until last year. I felt compelled to share it with those who might also benefit.

Ditto for IRS Identity Protection PINs (shouldn’t good stuff like this be more obvious?). I suppose the IRS can’t possibly match the advertising reach of a private-sector behemoth like Intuit–I sure didn’t catch any IRS commercials during the Superbowl.

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[I’m David Champion. I retired from a career in software development in March 2019, just shy of my 53rd birthday. To position myself for 40+ years of worry-free retirement, I consumed all manner of early-retirement resources. Notable among these was CanIRetireYet, whose newsletters I have received in my inbox every Monday morning for the last ten years. CanIRetireYet is one of exactly two personal finance newsletters I subscribe to. Why? Because of the practical, no-nonsense advice I find here. I attribute my financial success in no small part to what I have learned from Darrow and Chris. In sharing some of my own observations on the early-retirement journey, I aim to maintain the high standard of value readers of CanIRetireYet have come to expect.]

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