Travel

How to Get the Best Exchange Rates When You Travel

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It takes a little thinking ahead to get the best exchange rate when traveling.

In the various travel online discussion groups we participate in, one of the most frequently asked questions is how to best change your money into the local currency when you’re in a foreign country.

When we first starting traveling internationally years ago, that answer was easy: carry American Express travelers checks, and exchange them for foreign currency at the American Express office or an established bank wherever you were.

Obviously, that’s not how things are done today. Whether it’s withdrawing foreign currencies from an ATM that takes Visa or Mastercard debit cards, or simply tapping your credit card on the payment machine, things are much easier and the fees can be much lower.

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How much is at stake when you exchange money the wrong way instead of the right way?

Let’s look at US dollars to euros based on the exchange rate today (May 15, 2024.) Today, $100 should buy you €92 at the bank exchange rate. But, if you go to your local bank in the US, you’d be lucky to get €85 for your $100. (That’s actually the rate my bank offered me today.) And you’d probably be paying a fee besides. (Again, my bank would have charged me $10 on top of the lousy exchange rate.)

Let’s say you’re in Europe for two weeks, staying in hotels, eating in restaurants, and buying a few souvenirs. The difference in that exchange rate will add up to hundreds of dollars.

Here are the best ways to get the best exchange rates when you travel.

Pay with credit cards whenever possible

The first rule of foreign currency exchange is to pay with a credit card whenever possible. The credit card companies are privy to the best exchange rates. Think of the combined financial clout of Visa or Mastercard when it comes to negotiating fees. You getting that best rate your credit card companies provide assumes, though, that you follow the tips below.

Get a credit card with no foreign exchange fees

Be sure your credit card has no foreign exchange fees. Today, most credit cards that are designed for travel fill this requirement. Chances are, however, if your card was issued by your small local bank or credit union, you may get nicked for around three percent on every foreign transaction.

Also, be sure your card has tap and pay enabled. That’s how the rest of the world works. It’s much more secure than swiping the magnetic strip.

And one more thing: Visa and Mastercard are pretty much universally accepted. That’s not true with American Express or Discover. Especially, a lot of smaller shops and restaurants will not accept American Express. Be sure you have the right card. Your Amex card will probably be fine in your hotel.

Always choose to be charged in the local currency

A trick by the foreign banks that’s popped up in the last couple of years is, when you tap your card on the payment machine, it asks if you want to pay in US dollars or the local currency. Don’t fall for it. Always choose the local currency. For the “convenience” of doing the so-called dynamic currency conversion for you, the local processor will charge you in the vicinity of a 10 percent premium. Let your credit card issuer do the exchange, which they will do when you pay in the local currency.

Read our story on how to choose the best credit card for your travel style.

Use mobile phone payments

In addition to tap and pay cards, most foreign vendors will also accept phone payments using Apple Pay or Google Pay. Just like using the card itself, always choose to pay in the local currency when asked. Paying by phone is especially handy on some foreign transport systems, such as Transport for London (the Tube) and Stockholm – to name two we’ve used recently. London will even cap your spending automatically when you reach the equivalent of a day pass charge.

For when you need cash

Although the vendors in many countries, especially in Europe, have almost gone cashless, there are times when you’ll want some cash for tipping or buying something small like a bottle of water or a cup of coffee. That’s when you’ll hit the ATM.

And the first rule of what ATM to use is always use one that’s connected to a local bank. And that means right outside the bank. And when the bank is open. Just in case anything goes wrong, like the machine eats your card. (It happens.)

Even with the bank ATM withdrawals, just like with credit cards, if you’re given the option, always choose to have a withdrawal debited in local currencies. Some ATMs will try to get you to engage in dynamic currency conversion and dispense the local currency but debit your account in a US dollars. Again, don’t fall for it. Always choose a direct withdrawal in the local currency.

Don’t exchange money at the airport

Those airport kiosks are notorious for bad exchange rates and extra fees. If you need a taxi or bus to get into the city, chances are very good, especially in Europe, that the taxi will accept a card or electronic payment. If not, and you actually do need cash, look for an ATM with a bank logo.

Whatever you do, do not use Euronet either at the airport or on the street. They’re the worst.

Don’t exchange money at home

As I said above, the rates you’ll get from a US bank are probably terrible. The only reason you should use them is if you’re sure you’ll need a small amount of local currency to get from the airport to wherever you’re going. Then, I suppose you should exchange a small amount. Don’t, whatever you do, try to calculate all the foreign cash you’ll need for your trip and get that. That’s just changing more money than you have to at a lousy rate. Get cab fare, if you must, then change more when you get to the foreign bank’s ATM.

Get a debit card with no foreign exchange fees

Like with credit cards, get a debit card that has no foreign exchange fees. Ask your bank to be sure your card is good. A better idea is to open an account at Schwab Bank and get their debit card. Their card not only has no foreign exchange fees, they also reimburse you for the ATM fees, which can run from €3-7 in a lot of European countries. And whatever you do, don’t use a credit card to get a cash advance. The service fee for using a credit card instead of a debit card will kill you.

Watch out for ATM fees

See above. Banks’ ATM fees can vary a lot. To beat getting a large string of ATM fees, withdraw all the cash you’ll need on one go. One withdrawal equals one fee. Don’t withdraw $20 worth every day. If you’re worried about carrying a lot of cash, leave most of it in the hotel safe and only carry enought to take care of that day’s tipping and coffee needs.

Don’t come home with coins

You’ll find that most countries don’t use bills for smaller denominations any more. For example, the smallest euro note is €5; the smallest British pound note is also £5. If you’re planning on reconverting your leftover foreign currency either when you get home or before you leave, you’ll find most banks or kiosks won’t accept coins.

Donate them in one of the ubiquitous charity bins at the airport. Or, have another cup of coffee.

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