Average Retirement Spending: Will You Spend a Lot More or Less Once You Retire?
Do you actually know how much you spend every day now? What about every week? Throughout your life, you have probably at least looked backward to assess how much you have spent, even if it is just a running tally in your head. However, figuring out much you will consume in the future can be a lot more complicated.
Do you have any idea of what your average retirement spending will be over the 20 to 30 years you will be living a life of leisure in retirement?
The odds are that you probably haven’t quite yet figured that out. However, it is useful to know. How much you want to spend is the key determinant to a huge number of important retirement planning questions: how much savings you need, how those savings should be invested, and more.
But, you are probably curious about how your spending projections compare to everyone else’s.
According to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS), average retirement spending in 2019-2020 by households led by someone 65 or over was:
However, it varies tremendously across income levels and ages.
The BLS data reports average retirement spending by category:
On average, households over 65 spend:
- $4,135 on food consumed in the home
- $2,001 on food away from home
- $430 on alcoholic beverages
- $17,454 on housing, including utilities, furnishings, and maintenance
- $1,056 on apparel
- $6,819 on transportation
- $6,749 on healthcare
- $2,366 on entertainment
- $395 on fees and admissions
- $1,024 on audio and visual equipment and services
- $627 on pets, toys and hobbies (with the majority, $512, of that spending on pets)
- $320 on other entertainment
- $608 on personal care
- $547 on reading and education
- $213 on tobacco
- $866 on miscellaneous
- $2,844 on cash contributions
- $518 to life and other personal insurance
- $2,263 on pensions and Social Security
What Do the Experts Say About Average Retirement Spending?
Most standard economic models assume that over your lifetime, the amount you spend is continuous and relatively stable and doesn’t even drop during retirement. That being said, the rule of thumb used by lot of financial advisors is to plan on spending 20% less in retirement than what you spent while working.
However, research suggests that the 20% rule is not necessarily the best benchmark. And, it is important to note that spending does not typically fall by 20% in the first year of retirement and stay steady. The reality for most people is that spending varies over time.
Research Suggests that Average Retirement Spending Varies Over an Individual’s Time in Retirement
According to the Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI), retirement spending varies over an individual’s lifetime.
Average Spending Drops Modestly After Retirement
ERBI research suggests that household spending drops at the beginning of retirement. In the first two years of retirement, median household spending drops by 5.5 percent from pre retirement spending levels, and by 12.5 percent by the third or fourth year of retirement. But the spending reduction slows down after the fourth year.
However, although average spending in retirement fell, a large percentage of households experienced higher spending in the first few years following retirement.
Since Spending Varies – Try Planning in Stages
Retirement can be broken into stages. And, each stage has very different spending patterns.
Stage 1: For many people, the first stage of retirement is the transition to retirement. In the transition, you may work part-time or switch to a retirement job. For many people, spending during this stage stays roughly the same as it always has been.
Stage 2: This is the stage where you have officially stopped working and the focus is on leisure. During this stage, your spending might increase as you suddenly have a lot of extra time and your time is spent spending money instead of earning it.
Stage 3: As you get older, your health might decline and you may find that you want to slow down. Spending may really decrease during this phase.
Stage 4: For many people, the last two years of life are the most expensive. Long-term care and medical costs spike for most people at the very end. The fact is that dying is very expensive. Some researchers suggest that if you need long-term care at the end of your life, your healthcare costs might be in the hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Track Your Current Spending and Look Ahead
To make your money work for you during retirement, you need to track your spending now and make guesses about how your spending habits will change.
“A person’s financial success in retirement depends on two key components – savings accumulated during working years, and spending during retirement years,” EBRI writes. “Quantifying these two components and the underlying behavior patterns is essential to understanding how people are likely to succeed in retirement.”
Pay particular attention to the biggest budget items:
Future healthcare costs can be difficult to predict, especially when trying to factor the possibility of a long term care need.
However, on average, healthcare is one of the three biggest retirement spending categories and the one area where costs rises consistently as you age.
Fidelity estimates that the average 65-year old couple will need $300,000 to spend on out of pocket healthcare costs, not including long term care.
Annually, your healthcare expense will rise as you age. Fidelity reports the following annual healthcare costs by age per person:
- $3,959/year for those under age 55
- $5,647/year for those 55-64
- $6,463/year for those 65-74
- $6,415/year for people over 75
NOTE: The NewRetirement Planner can help you estimate your Medicare costs based on your age, location and the type of coverage you will have. The powerful tool can also help you plan for long term care expenses.
And, the data on average housing expenditures by age suggest this to be true for most households. Annual housing expense trends lower as you age. The average housing expenses are:
- $21,108 for those under 55
- $19,119 for those 55-65
- $16,959 for those 65-74
- $14,542 for those older than 75
A few things to think about regarding retirement spending:
- Transportation costs might go down as you spend less gas on commuting. However, transportation is usually costlier than even healthcare in retirement.
- How old are your kids? Will you need to fund any big expenses for them? What about aging parents? Will they rely on you for assistance as they age?
- What are your leisure plans? Are they costly?
Create a Retirement Plan that Personalizes Your Own Anticipated Spending
The research is clear – different people have vastly different spending habits in retirement. You cannot create a solid retirement plan by relying on someone else’s assumptions. You need a retirement plan that fits your own spending.
The NewRetirement Planner enables you to put in different retirement spending for different stages of your life. This can give you a much more accurate retirement plan. The system also helps you get a personalized estimate for your future medical costs.
Best of all, the system is designed for you to create and maintain your retirement finances. So, as your plans change, you can update your information and get complete analysis about how much money you have and how much you will need to stay financially solvent.